Glass Etching Craft
Etching glass gives it a very distinctive frosted look. You used to have to use complicated tools and tedious design work to actually etch pieces of the glass out of the surface to give it the "etched" look.
With modern day elements that are available in any craft store, etching glass is as simple as applying a liquid or cream, then rinsing it off to reveal a fabulous etched design.
Glass Etching Ideas:
Don't limit yourself to the glass etching ideas that you see on this page! You can use this technique on any glass surface around your house, such as:
• glass tabletops
• glass Christmas ornaments
• jewelry boxes with glass doors
• sliding glass doors (shower)
• clear glass plates, bowls, or cups
• glass drawer pulls
• apothecary bottles
Basically, anywhere you want to add a custom detail to glass. Try putting your last initial on your front door for a personalized touch, or writing your children's names on their bathroom mirror.
Glass for Etching
You don't need a special type of glass for etching...you can apply this method to any glass surface. You do, however, need to make sure that the surface of the glass is completely clean. If you are trying to use a piece of glass that has debris on it, it will not work. You need a smooth, lint and dirt free surface to create the best results.
Glass Etch Patterns
If you aren't sure what to put on your glass piece, look around you for inspiration. A favorite bedspread or curtain print may give you the idea that you need. Check the internet for clip art or other pictures. Consider adding initials, quotes, or sayings...these can be customized for holidays or special events. Pattern ideas are endless!
Glass Etching Templates
If you still can't decide what to put on your glass piece after all of your searching, check your local craft store for glass etching templates. They come in a wide variety of pictures and letters. Don't see anything you like? You probably know my answer...make your own!
Purchase a plain stencil sheet and a craft knife (an X-acto knife), and make your own stencil. This is an especially great option if you're trying to match a pattern on a plate, or have a very specific design in mind.
Stencils for Glass Etching
Any stencil, template, or gel that is used in glass etching is called the "resist." It's called this because it "resists" the etching cream or liquid, and does not allow it to etch that area.
You can purchase a variety of stencils to put on your glass. At your local craft store, you can find self-adhesive stencils in the glass etching section. The adhesive is important because you do not want the chemical to "bleed" under the stencil and run onto other areas (where you don't want etching). I've found that the self adhesive stencils tend to be a bit expensive, though. If you can afford them, they are the the best solution because they work great at forming around and sticking to your glass.
Another option is to buy stencils from the stencil paint section (that don't have adhesive on the back). Somewhere near it you should see spray or brush on adhesive for stencils. This method works just as well, but costs about half the price! If you choose to go with this technique, make sure that you really coat all the edges of the stencil, and allow the adhesive to fully dry before etching.
Glass Etching Chemical
The chemicals that you use for etching come in a cream or liquid form. The cream form is used to brush on the glass stencil to give the glass an etched design.
If you want to make a "negative space" design, you need to dip your piece in etching liquid. Negative space in glass etching is when you want to frost the entire space where the stencil is not. For example, if you wanted to have a glass that is completely frosted, but has numbers or a picture that is clear, you'd put a solid stencil on the glass piece and dip it in the liquid. When the liquid has dried and you remove the stencil, it will reveal the clear design.
Another way to use a negative space design is to buy resist gel. It can be applied with an applicator bottle or a brush in a freehand manner to create whatever design you want. After the gel dries, etching cream or liquid is applied over the gel. When you rinse the glass piece off, the gel will rinse away leaving behind a clear design on the frosted (or etched) piece.
To put an etched design on a piece of glass using the etching cream method, you'll need:
• Glass piece(s)
• masking, vinyl, or painters tape
• measuring tape
• craft stick (popsicle stick)
• etching cream
• stencil adhesive (optional--if you buy the non-adhesive type of stencils)
• craft knife (optional--if you decide to make your own stencil)
• water source
1. Clean your glass piece and make sure that it is dry.
2. Measure where you want your stencil to be on the item. If you are using the self-adhesive stencils, place them on the glass in your pre-measured spot, and put tape around the edges of the stencil (to keep the cream from running off). Use your craft stick to go over the whole stencil to make sure it is stuck evenly.
4. After dry, remove the tape and stencil and rinse glass under water until the adhesive and remaining cream are washed away. The design will look really light to begin with, but will get darker as it dries.
• Remember to clean your stencils with warm soapy water (or put them in the dishwasher) to use again at a later date.
That's it...you're finished! Wasn't that easy? Your etching is now permanent and food and dishwasher safe!
Below are some examples of glass etching to give you inspiration. Sometimes the etching is a little hard to see, but that is the nature of trying to take a photo of something frosted!
I centered a flower on the front of this vase. I've also made vases with a lot of little flowers scattered around, and that looks great. Try outlining the flowers with glass paint for an entirely different look!
Etched Martini Glass
Martini glasses are enjoyable to make because you can really have fun with the design! On this glass, I made stripes of bubbles and lines. Palm trees or other bold designs look really cute on martini glasses.
Wine Glass Etching
Put hearts or sayings on wine glasses for Valentine's Day, or put anniversary year or other theme based designs for any occasion. On this wine glass, I chose to randomly place different sized hearts around it.
Here I used a green stemmed glass and etched small flowers all around. Perfect to use for an outdoor garden party!
Etched Glass Picture Frame
Although I don't have a picture of one here, etching on a glass picture frame looks beautiful! Some unique uses are:
• Baby gifts - etch the baby's name and date of birth
• Wedding gifts - a wedding photo of the couple in a frame with their wedding date etched on the glass.
• Anniversary gift - put a picture of the couple on their wedding day in the frame, and etch the number of years that they've been married or their wedding date.
• Sympathy - use a photo of the deceased and etch their name and the years that they lived along the edge of the glass (for example: 1920-2008).
• Pet gift - makes an adorable gift for the pet lover in your life! Use a favorite photo of their pet, and write the pet's name on the glass.
Glass Etching Stencils!
As you may know, you can do a lot of cool projects with stencils. Another interesting hobby you can use your stencils for is to etch glass. This is a process where you would place your stencil patterns on a piece of glass whether it’s a glass mug, glass window, or mirror. Then etch the exposed areas of the stencil to permanently mark your glass with a personalized touch.
In order to etch the glass, you have to decide what process you’d be interested in or how much you are willing to invest in this arts and crafts hobby. One of the most recognized processes is to use glass etching cream. It is a diluted form of an acid that etches or eats at the glass. You can usually buy a small bottle of glass etching cream for under 10 dollars at a craft and hobby store. Another popular process is to use a sandblaster to etch the glass. This works by blasting pressurized air mixed with abrasive media such as sand. The abrasive media lightly chips the exposed areas of the stencil to create a frosted look. Sandblasting equipment usually requires much more equipment and can be expensive, which is why most crafters just stick with the etching cream process. The reason there are dedicated glass etchers who use the sandblasting glass method is because you can do more advanced techniques with it and has a more noticeable look to it. A look I refer to as more elegant looking. Either way you decide to etch glass, the overall basic steps are very similar.
Here is an outline of the basic steps to etch glass:
- First, you need to find a stencil material such as contact paper and place it over the glass item.
- Second, trace a black and white pattern onto the stencil material with a pencil or marker.
- Third, cut out the areas of the traced pattern and peel out the areas to be etched. So you need to just expose the areas that you want frosted.
- Fourth, make sure all areas are masked that you don’t want etched. So if the stencil doesn’t cover areas outside the contact paper, you can use masking tape to ensure there is no overspray.
- Fifth, we can begin the etching phase. Either brush on your glass etching cream over the exposed areas of the stencil or sandblast in a back and forth motion. If you choose to sandblast, make sure you fully spray all areas evenly.
- Sixth stage, you will need to clean up by washing off the cream or abrasive dust. After that you need to peel off the stencil and wash with soap.
Are you new to working with paper stencils? If so (or even if not) you should know that you can prepare your paper stencils so that they can be used again and again. Yeah! That’s right. The one you just printed can become a long term free stencil. It’s easy. Do you have some of that clear, wide packing tape? Just use it to run even strips covering all of the paper surfaces before you cut out the stencil. Burnish or rub the tape down to get the air pockets out. That’s it.
By the way, I like to do just the top side of the paper. If the bottom is slick it can encourage paint to bleed under the stencil and smudge your surface. The underside may get wet when you wash it but just let it dry and you can flatten it back out by storing it in a book.
Working with paper stencils has a few advantages. You can adjust the size of your paper stencil to fit the size of your project. Just take the page to a copier and reduce or enlarge. Then cut out the stencil openings. It's that easy.
Stippling is simply tapping or dabbing the loaded brush throughout the stencil openings. This technique produces a more even tone and less depth.
Swirling is moving the brush in a circular, swirling motion against the openings. This technique produces an effect of depth because more color will be along the edges of the openings and the centers will appear lighter. I always think of the swirling technique if you are trying to produce a finished image that has a worn down, vintage look.
You can also print on transparency film? If so, then your stencil making is easy. Just make sure that your printer will accommodate the thickness of the film.
Remember, open sections of a stencil are called islands. These are the areas that allow color to be applied on the surface under the stencil. Bridges are the stencil material that separates the islands and keeps the shape of a stencil. These areas block color or paint from reaching the surface.